Anterior - In the direction of, or situated to the front of the carcase.
Ageing - A natural tenderising process, which uses naturally occurring enzymes in meat to break down muscle fibre.
Aitch Bone - Rump bone.
Bovine - Cattle.
Bark - External connective tissue.
Blast Freezing - Frozen rapidly at extreme low temperatures.
Calf (Veal) - Bovine with no permanent incisor erupted and weighing no more than 70kg (HSCW).
Cartilage - (Breast) costal bone cartilage.
Caudal - Pertaining to structures directed towards the tail.
Cervical - Pertaining to the neck.
Channel Fat - The fat of the pelvic cavity.
Chine - The body of the vertebrae.
Cow - Female bovine with eight permanent incisors teeth erupted.
Cranial - Pertaining to structures directed towards the head.
Cap Muscle - Muscle cover over the mass of the Topside.
Chilled - Product that is stored in a temperature range of 0 to 4 degree c.
Dorsal - Towards the back line or top of the animal.
Denuded - Primal cuts that have all surface fat removed.
Deckle - Fat and meat lying between the brisket bone and the main muscles of the brisket.
Eye Muscle - M. longissimus dorsi.
External fat - Outer surface fat cover on a carcase (subcutaneous fat).
Femur - Thigh bone.
Feather Bone - The spinous process of the vertebrae.
Fleece - Boning method of removing meat over ribs.
Frozen - Meat that has been reduced in temperature to below freezing point (< -1.5 degree c).
Grain Fed - Animals that have been fed on grain.
Grass Fed - Animals that have been fed on pasture.
HSCW - Hot Standard Carcase Weight.
Halal - Meat from animals ritually slaughtered under Muslim supervision.
Intercostals - Lean muscles situated between the rib bones.
Lateral - Away from the mid-line.
Marble - Intra-muscular fat deposits.
Ovine - Sheep.
Paddywhack - Connective tissue (ligamentum nuchae).
Patella Bone - Knee cap.
Primal Cut - Major separated cuts of the animal.
Posterior - In the direction of, or situated to the rear of the carcase.
Scapular - Blade bone of the shoulder
SSC - Secondary Sexual Characteristics.
Sub- Primal - Small portions derived from a major primal.
Vacuum Pack - Product packed and sealed in an air tight bag.
Ventral - Towards the belly or lower side to the animal.